Vertigo is a 1958 psychological thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock based on the 1954 novel D’entre les morts by Boileau-Narcejac. The screenplay was written by Alec Coppel and Samuel A. Taylor.
The film stars James Stewart as former police detective John “Scottie” Ferguson, who has been forced into early retirement due to disabilities (vertigo and clinical depression) incurred in the line of duty. Scottie is hired as a private investigator to follow a woman, Madeleine Elster (Kim Novak) who is behaving peculiarly.
The film was shot on location in San Francisco, California, and at Paramount Studios in Hollywood. It popularized the dolly zoom, an in-camera effect that distorts perspective to create disorientation, to convey Scottie’s acrophobia. As a result of its use here, the effect is often referred to as “the Vertigo effect”.
The effect is achieved by using the setting of a zoom lens to adjust the angle of view (often referred to as field of view or FOV) while the camera dollies (or moves) towards or away from the subject in such a way as to keep the subject the same size in the frame throughout. In its classic form, the camera angle is pulled away from a subject while the lens zooms in, or vice-versa. Thus, during the zoom, there is a continuous perspective distortion, the most directly noticeable feature being that the background appears to change size relative to the subject.
As the human visual system uses both size and perspective cues to judge the relative sizes of objects, seeing a perspective change without a size change is a highly unsettling effect, and the emotional impact of this effect is greater than the description above can suggest. The visual appearance for the viewer is that either the background suddenly grows in size and detail and overwhelms the foreground, or the foreground becomes immense and dominates its previous setting, depending on which way the dolly zoom is executed.
Create context by actor sleeping in bed.
Change of colour
Blurring of focus
Waling through time
Scenes that cannot be possible like the dead rising eg. Head detached from body
Elephants Dream [HD] | FULL MOVIE Short film (2006)
The animated film shows how the lead characters were able to perform tasks without any problem like running on floating walk path.
The background becomes black and their physical form changes into inate objects confirming that it is not real…so to speak.
Elephant Dreams is the story of two strange characters exploring a capricious and seemingly infinite machine. The elder, Proog, acts as a tour-guide and protector, happily showing off the sights and dangers of the machine to his initially curious but increasingly skeptical protege Emo. As their journey unfolds we discover signs that the machine is not all Proog thinks it is, and his guiding takes on a more desperate aspect.
The background starts moving faster and faster till it becomes a blurred.
This is a wonderful demonstration that the ‘time’ frame is not the present as time is fleeting.
They are able to achieve tasks not usually possible giving them the license to float and fly etc which makes it evidence it is a dream sequence.
Blade Runner (1982)
Dream a little Dream: Harrison Ford’s Deckard conks out on his piano and dreams of a unicorn cantering through a misty, magical forest.
Dr TF says… Do horses dream of running equines? Er, yes. Unless Deckard’s a replicant that is.
This is the unicorn in Ridley Scott’s Legend, foretold, the director counter-referencing all his films. In Deckard’s head.
Dr Andrew says… This romantic image depicts Deckard’s aspirations, which are in stark contrast to his world.
The unicorn symbolises hopes for purity, freedom and power. Unfortunately, equine dreams often reflect male fears of inadequacy and impotence.
The additional phallic horn of the unicorn suggests that Deckard has insecurities about his own abilities.
The unicorn in sepia moves slowly as the camera shot slows down.
his is the dream from Blade Runner, not found in the 1982 cut but found in the others. It involves Rick Deckard’s dream that becomes somewhat of a controversial topic amongst fans and interpreters.
Altered States ( 1980)
A lucid dream is any dream in which one is aware that one is dreaming. The term was coined by the Dutch psychiatrist and writer Frederik (Willem) van Eeden (1860–1932). In a lucid dream, the dreamer may be able to exert some degree of control over their participation within the dream or be able to manipulate their imaginary experiences in the dream environment. Lucid dreams can be realistic and vivid. It is shown that there are higher amounts of beta-1 frequency band (13–19 Hz) experienced by lucid dreamers, hence there is an increased amount of activity in the parietal lobes making lucid dreaming a conscious process.
Lucid dreaming has been researched scientifically, and its existence is well established.[
Not everything that it could be, and that’s because director Ken Russell was more interested in assaulting the viewer with a series of startling (by 1980 standards) images than he was in exploring the stories subtext. Eddie Jessup is a scientist so introverted and afraid of human connections that it’s not enough to abandon his family, he also has to further deprive himself of any and all stimulation, performing sensory depravation experiments on himself to attain better understanding of “ultimate truth.” Jessup proclaims himself to be an atheist, but the visual content of his hallucinations reveals him to be a man who’s more at war with God than a man who disbelieves. His descent into a more primal state of being is an obvious metaphor for how easy it is for a man with commitment issues and fear of intimacy to turn completely inward, leaving the real world behind. Some of what the character says early on about family and love make his motivations clear… Jessup is a man shattered by his father’s death and unable to accept the vulnerability of the human condition. A viewer has to really work to absorb and enjoy these metaphors, though, as Russell never slows his onslaught of special effects. The movie also suffers from smart but unrealistic dialogue and ham-fisted performances from some of the principle characters (watch Blair Brown’s over-the-top breakdowns in the last act). Altered States isn’t the total package, it doesn’t combine the visceral and the philosophical as well as movies like Jacob’s Ladder or Natural Born Killers. But it’s better than most of today’s equivalent movies (Donnie Darko, etc) that want to stimulate and provoke the viewer and don’t quite pull it off.
This film I unique as it is mainly based on dreams and visions he has. This way you know it is coming,
Lightening affects and superimposed image of his face immediately warn you that we are not in a normal space of time.
While in bed his partner is sleeping but he starts to see his body deform. This is an indication that only he can see it therefore indicating that it is his dream.
The flashing of colours and his face distorted and spinning make it clear it is a dream.
What sets this film apart from the others is he is able to see his dreams whilst they are happening and awake.
The main character doesn’t get along too well with his family, his teachers and his classmates; but he does manage to find a sympathetic friend in Gretchen, who agrees to date him. He has a compassionate psychiatrist, who discovers hypnosis is the means to unlock hidden secrets. His other companion may not be a true ally. Donnie has a friend named Frank – a large bunny which only Donnie can see. When an engine falls off a plane and destroys his bedroom, Donnie is not there. Both the event, and Donnie’s escape, seem to have been caused by supernatural events. Donnie’s mental illness, if such it is, may never allow him to find out for sure. Written by J. Spurlin
He reaches out and touches the camera and the screen becomes waves of light.
Blurred shot and colour shot changes
Then shot sharpens and the colour appears. Showing he is back in the present.
Entering the iris of the eye shows that it is transcending the reality of the moment.
The Instrument – Dream Sequence
From the narrative feature film, THE INSTRUMENT. Featuring religious intellectual, Dr. Cornel West (Race Matters, Matrix Reloaded), this scene is an excerpt from the protagonist’s meditative journey through the sub-personalities of his own psyche, from the Father Figure to the Child within.
The cube becomes larger and larger moving closer to the audience and spinning.
The colur changes to green and movement has a shadow then moves very quickly.
One minute every one is naked and the next they are dressed. Showing that time is not as it seems.
People moving in and out of the shot also emphasise that it is not real but a dream state.